The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) allow Canadian provinces and territories to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and who are interested in settling in a particular province. The Canadian government has worked out an agreement in which the local provinces can nominate immigrants wishing to settle in their locality. In order to obtain a visa via the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP), you must first choose the province where you wish to live and go through its nomination process. The province will then consider your application based on its immigration needs and your genuine intention to settle there.
Each Canadian province and territory (except Nunavut and Quebec, which has a different selection system) has its own unique Provincial Nominee Program. Each PNP has at least one immigration stream that is aligned with the federal Express Entry immigration selection system.
These streams are known as ‘enhanced’ nomination streams and award selected Express Entry candidates an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points.
Depending upon the profession, you may need to take a language test. The minimum standard for the Canadian Language Benchmark is 4 in each of these four categories: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
Provincial Nomination Program categories include: Skilled Worker (professional); Business Immigration; International Graduate; Family; Semi-Skilled Worker; Farmer; Strategic Recruitment; and Community. Each province or territory offers a different selection of these programs and also chooses their own criterion for each program category to suit the specific employment needs of the locality.
Before you are able to submit an application to immigrate to Canada, you must receive a provincial nomination certificate from the province or territory. Once you have been nominated, you will need to make a separate application to the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to receive a Canadian Permanent Resident Visa. Processing times for each visa vary.
Decisions regarding a PNP application are based on:
- Meeting the eligibility criteria
- Sufficient funds to support yourself and your family in Canada
- Results of your medical exam
- Information on your police certificate
CIC may contact you if they need more information or to possibly schedule a personal interview.
If your application is approved, you will be asked to submit your passport to the visa office in order to receive your permanent resident visa.
The Visa office requires that you and any family member, 18 and older, to provide a police certificate. Someone with a past criminal record or who poses a security risk can be denied the visa.
A medical exam is required. This includes the main applicant along with any dependents (even if they are not coming to Canada). It should be noted that if an applicant’s health endangers public health or safety or causes excessive demand on health or social services in Canada, the visa will be denied.
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